Define a clinical information system.
This should include a description of the differences between electronic medical records, electronic
health records and personal health records.
2. Critically appraise the benefits of clinical information systems in healthcare.
There are many potential benefits and you should give an overview of these and then focus on three to
discuss in depth, giving a critical analysis of the evidence for, and against, each one. Discuss the
impact these benefits may have on different stakeholders. Stakeholders could include patients,
clinicians, healthcare organisations, governments.
3. Critically appraise the potential disadvantages and risks there might be in implementing and
using clinical information systems.
You should give an overview of these and then discuss two in depth, giving a critical analysis of the
evidence about each of them.
1. Discuss the technical requirements that are necessary to achieve a secure and effective use of
clinical information systems, in particular the role of coding and messaging standards15 marks.
4. Structure your essay effectively, use evidence from a range of sources, include accurate and
consistent referencing, in accordance with the University of Leeds regulations on plagiarism, and use
good English and correct spelling and punctuation.